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Contemporary Psychology
Contents:


  1. Theories of Memory and Aging: A Look at the Past and a Glimpse of the Future
  2. Collective Memory of Political Events: Social Psychological Perspectives - CRC Press Book
  3. The Perspectives of Psychology

Much of the research on collective memory has been rooted in the humanities. However, more recently, cognitive scientists and psychologists have begun exploring the cognitive mechanisms that govern the formation of collective memory. The cognitive sciences have made substantial advances in researching individual memory — such as how we remember, mis-remember or forget events — but much less is known how these processes apply to collective memory. Top-down research identifies historical or cultural memories that persist in a society and tries to understand the underlying principles.

Why do some historical events become part of the collective memory whereas others do not? Why do some societies update their collective memories based on new data whereas others do not?

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Theories of Memory and Aging: A Look at the Past and a Glimpse of the Future

The claims that the Iraqi forces executed coalition prisoners of war after they surrendered or the initial reports about the discovery of weapons of mass destruction were both retracted but Americans were less likely to remember the retraction whereas Germans were more likely to remember the retraction and the corrected version of the information. Bottom-up research of collective memory, on the other hand, focuses on how individuals perceive events and then communicate these to their peers so that they become part of a shared memory canon.

Researchers using this approach focus on the transmission of memory from local individuals to a larger group network and how the transmission or communication between individuals is affected by the environment.


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Turks who had experienced the earthquake frequently referenced it, similar to Bosnians who used the civil war to date personal events. However, Americans rarely referenced the September 11, attacks to date personal events. This research suggested that even though some events such as the September 11, attacks had great historical and political significance, they may not have had as profound a personal impact on the individual lives of Americans as did the civil war in Bosnia. Hirst and his colleagues point out that cognitive research of collective memory is still in its infancy but the questions raised at the interface of psychology, neuroscience, history and sociology are so fascinating that this area will likely blossom in the decades to come.

The many research questions that will emerge in the near future will not only integrate cutting-edge cognitive research but will likely also address the important phenomenon of the increased flow of information — both by migration of individuals as well as by digital connectedness. This research could have a profound impact on how we define ourselves and what we learn from our past to shape our future. Hirst W et al. Note: An earlier version of this article was first published on the 3Quarksdaily blog.

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Collective Memory of Political Events: Social Psychological Perspectives - CRC Press Book

You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Clark has made important contributions to embodied and extended cognition, but also to our understanding of connectionism, mental representation, robotics and computational neuroscience. However, the relationship between these posited cascades of prediction and conscious human experience itself remains unclear.

Recent work in computational psychiatry provides important clues.


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Such accounts reveal the deep continuities between perception, belief, and hallucination and may help reveal common processing motifs underlying both typical and atypical forms of human experience. His main research interests are in the philosophy of biology and the philosophy of mind, and especially in the intersection between these fields. He also works on pragmatism, problems of evidence, and other parts of philosophy of science.

His work is inherently interdisciplinary and he has ongoing collaborative projects with various biologists. His work on octopus cognition has received substantial media coverage including in the New York Times. Mike received his M. In , Mike was awarded a prestigious Australian Research Council Future Fellowship to conduct research on modelling human perceptual-motor interaction for human-machine applications. Who or what decides what action possibilities or behavioural modes are afforded within a given task context?

Is there a complementary relationship between the low-level physical laws that constrain the mechanics of embedded perceptual-motor behaviour and the higher-level cognitive decision making processes that define ongoing human activity? Using a range of complex systems phenomena from physics, biology, psychology, cognitive science and computational cognition, I will discuss whether symmetry principles can provide a way of answering these questions.

The Perspectives of Psychology

In particular, I will detail how the theory of symmetry-breaking can be employed to understand and explain the dynamical processes of perception, action and cognition that define everyday human behaviour and how symmetry-breaking bifurcations are fundamental to the emergence of complex order in human and animal and social activity. Kate conducts basic and applied research into the learning, perception, creation, and cognition of complex, non-verbal sequences using the familiar and universal contexts of music and dance.

Research projects have included investigating: the implicit learning of musical rhythm and timing; the psychophysics and psychophysiology of musical loudness; cognitive and affective reactions to contemporary dance; and long-term memory for music and dance. As well as her basic research into music perception, Kate has been a Chief Investigator on three Australian Research Council projects collaborating with members of the Australian dance industry, and applies methods from experimental psychology to investigate human-machine interaction e.

She is author of more than articles, book chapters, and conference proceedings papers, among them an ebook on creativity and cognition in contemporary dance.